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    Europe's energy outlook: The race against the clock

    4 November

    Europe’s energy future is at a crossroads, due to high energy prices and costs hindering industrial competitiveness and concerns in the light of the Ukraine crisis. This year’s summit will discuss the main challenges ahead for the new EU leaders in view of ensuring affordable, competitive and secure energy in line with climate ambitions. 
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    The outlook for global energy investment


    Limiting global warming to two degrees Celsius would need investment just a tenth higher than a baseline scenario, the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) chief economist Fatih Birol told a Friends of Europe conference on 17 June. Read more

    View Fatih Birol's presentation here.



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    Energy subsidies: To be or not to be

    Energy subsidies are becoming an increasing focus of European policy debate, as controversy rises over their cost. Energy policy is trying to deal with competing demands for more sustainability, more renewables, lower cost and greater energy security – something complicated further by strained relations with Russia over the Ukraine crisis. Read more



Circular economy: Scaling-up best practices worldwide


Current linear concept of consumption and production generate too much waste and will become increasingly unsustainable as the world shifts towards western-style consumption.

Read the report here.




UN negotiations are currently under way to develop a new international climate change agreement for the Paris climate conference in 2015, to be implemented from 2020. 

In preparation for Friends of Europe Policy spotlight debate with UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, Debating Europe put together some facts and figures about climate change and its impact in the infographic on the left. Download the full infographic here.


Circular economy: scaling up best practices worldwide
Advocates of the “circular economy” argue that the entire model of global economic activity needs an overhaul. They say today’s linear production and consumption patterns, in which products are used for a short time and then discarded, result in massive waste.
The outlook for global energy investment
Limiting global warming to two degrees Celsius would need investment just a tenth higher than a baseline scenario, Fatih Birol, the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) Chief Economist, told at Friends of Europe conference on 17 June. 
Energy subsidies to be or not to be?
Energy subsidies are opaque and highly controversial – but their centrality to European energy policy means they will come under unprecedented focus in the coming year, panellists told Friends of Europe’s Café Crossfire debate on 13 May.
On the road to Paris 2015: Towards a new global climate deal

United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon urged the European Union to speed up the adoption of new climate and energy targets in order to boost his campaign for a global climate change deal.

Europe's World

Europe's World, the only EU-wide policy journal with a readership of over 100,000. Visit
Sorting fact from fiction on Europe’s shale gas ‘bonanza’

Not all EU countries are giving a green light for shale gas exploration and ‘fracking’. Andreas Goldthau sounds a note of caution for those pressing ahead and hoping for a North American style energy boom.

The Energy of Nations
David Buchan reviews Jeremy Leggett's book 'The Energy of Nations' and comments that his essential insight is that the war for renewables will never really be won until people fully realise the long-term risks of relying on fossil fuels.       

Video Corner

Ban Ki Moon,
Secretary-General of the United Nations, talks about the challenges of climate change.

Ska Keller, MEP and Green Party's leading candidate for EU elections, comments on the Commission’s new 2030 climate and energy package.

Jaroslav Neverovic, Lithuanian Minister for Energy commenting on an ideal energy mix.

Yvo de Boer, Executive Secretary of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (2006-2010), commenting on climate and energy targets for 2030.

Gérard Mestrallet, GDF Suez CEO, commenting on climate and energy targets for 2030 and on reconciling climate ambitions with industrial competitiveness.

Patrick Graichen, Deputy Director of the think tank Agora Energiewende, commenting on the impact of German Energiewende on consumers, business, neighbouring markets and the EU's goal of a single energy market.

Steve Levine, Author of 'The Oil and the Glory" and Washington Correspondent for Quartz, commenting on the US shale gas revolution and on reconciling climate ambitions with industrial competitiveness.


About the GEF

The Greening Europe Forum is the first independent debate and knowledge platform focusing on  global and EU policies needed for the transformation towards a sustainable economy. It will look in particular to the integration of environmental, energy and economic policies which will be needed to shift to a new development model.
For more information, please contact Greening Europe Programme Executive Danuta Slusarska.


The Greening Europe Forum aims to work with partners that have an important contribution to make in the debate on the new green economy agenda. It will work with government departments and agencies, regional authorities, cities, progressive businesses and constructive NGOs, as well as critical academics.


Contact Friends of Europe to become a partner. Partners have included:


Guest Contribution

How the EU can ‘walk the talk’ on climate change
By Sandrine Dixson-Declève. If the EU is serious about greening the European economy, it must link its environmental and climate goals with its energy security policy and economic growth agenda.
Restore Europeans’ faith in EU with green investment and green vision
by Jason Anderson. In the last few years, EU leaders have been focused largely on macro-economic issues surrounding the financial crisis. For many European citizens, the resulting austerity has been very hard, seemingly far removed from quality of life issues they prioritise. Perhaps not by coincidence, citizens’ trust in the European project is at an all-time low: less than a third of those polled.

Policy Briefing

Energiewende made in China: Paving the way towards green growth

Confronted with energy and climate challenges, China has been implementing over the last decade a series of ambitious policies to support green growth and shift away from coal. This background briefing seeks to spotlight the unfolding Chinese green revolution.